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It’s completely understandable to be concerned about a part of your body that you may not understand or cannot see what’s going on. That’s why medical professionals are always on standby to help you. Yet, we also acknowledge that it can be difficult to determine whether you actually need to be concerned or not. One of the things that can lead to that dilemma is ovarian cysts. 

What are ovarian cysts, and should I be worried about them? 

The ovaries are essentially two almond-shaped organs on each side of the uterus. They are responsible for producing female sex hormones (those being estrogen and progesterone) and producing eggs, which are released every month during ovulation. The hormones that the ovaries produce play an essential role in the development of many female traits such as body shape, body hair and also breast development. 

Now, you understand the ovaries themselves, but what are ovarian cysts, and do you need to worry? We’ll answer both of those questions below. 

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid that form either in or on the ovaries themselves. These cysts form with your monthly cycle, and they occur from a sort of malfunction in the process of releasing eggs. 

Usually, your ovaries will release an egg that’s enveloped in a fluid-filled sac called a follicle. Then your body will absorb that follicle. However, there can be cases where the follicle doesn’t release the egg, and it isn’t absorbed back into the body. If that happens, then it can develop into a cyst. 

Note: You can still develop a cyst even if the follicle releases the egg. Those are called follicular cysts. 

What are the symptoms of these cysts? 

In most cases, you’ll never know that you had one of these cysts. They can be harmless, around one or two millimeters in diameter, and will just disappear on their own. However, that doesn’t mean that it can’t become a problem.

If a cyst is large enough, then it can mean pelvic pain or unusual uterine bleeding. These cysts may be spotted during a pelvic exam, ultrasound, or other-like scenarios. 

How to tell if you need to seek medical attention.

Cysts may rupture or twist, which is called torsion. It can cause an infection or cut off the blood supply to your ovaries. If you are suffering from pelvic pain with nausea, fever or vomiting, then that could be a sign that you have an infection linked to a cyst. In that situation, you need to seek out medical attention as soon as you’re able. Keep an eye out for any abrupt pain in your lower abdomen as well. 

More symptoms include: 

  • Dull pain or sudden sharp pains.
  • Pain during sex.
  • Constipation.
  • Frequent Urination.
  • Changes with your periods. (heavier, irregular, or lighter than normal)
  • Feeling bloated.
  • Difficulty becoming pregnant.

In rarer cases, cysts could be a symptom of polycystic ovary syndrome if you have other symptoms such as irregular periods, infertility, increased body hair, and weight gain. You may want to consult a doctor. 

What can you do about the cysts?

If the cyst is small enough, then it will most likely fade on its own. However, if the cyst is large and poses a risk or causes you pain, then you may need surgery as soon as possible. Luckily, the surgeries performed to deal with these cysts usually have short recovery times.

If you have a concern, please contact us at Shady Grove Gyn Care, Dr. Dadgar provides patients with gynecologic care of the highest type that is individualized to each patient’s unique needs. Contact us today. 

For any other medical inquires, we can also help. Visit our website or give us a call. We are happy help you.